Fights are held in weight categories, different for men and women. The fight lasts 5 minutes (for juniors - 4 minutes) and takes place on a mat with dimensions of 8 by 8 to 10 to 10 meters. The winner is the player who throws the opponent onto his back, keep him lying on the mat for 25 seconds, or establish or choke lever in a manner that will lead the enemy to surrender (in each case to give ippon and ending the fight before the end of regulation time).
It is possible to obtain a. "small points" that do not lead to the end of the fight ahead of time, but after this point to the winner. They are:
- yuko - 5 points,
- waza-ari - 7 points (gain of two points waza-ari is tantamount to obtaining ippon)
- ippon - 10 points (ends the fight.)
- hitting and kicking
- touching the opponent's face
- attack other than the elbow joint
- maintain strong defensive position
- technique called Kawazu gake (kite bass) and lavish kane
- wearing any metal items (eg jewelry) - the penalty for it is a disqualification
- "false" attacks, such as going down on one knee without performing a line like "seoi nage"
- download an opponent to the ground force (hanging, etc.)
- maintaining a different grip for the outfit than the primary by more than 3 to 5 seconds with no attack
- holding the sleeve with your fingers inside the opponent's sleeve, so. "pistol grip"
|Under 60 kg||60–66 kg||66–73 kg||73–81 kg||81–90 kg||90–100 kg||Over 100 kg|
|Under 48 kg||48–52 kg||52–57 kg||57–63 kg||63–70 kg||70–78 kg||Over 78 kg|
o ranks and grades:
In judo are the degrees of student - and master kyu - dan.
6 kyu - white belt (rokyu)
5 kyu - yellow belt (gokyu)
4 kyu - orange belt (yonkyu)
3 kyu - green belt (sankyu)
2 kyu - blue belt (nikyu)
1 kyu - brown belt (ikkyu)
1 dan, shodan - black belt
2-dan, Nidan - Black belt
3 dan, sandan - black belt
4 dan, yodan - black belt
5 dan Godan - Black belt
6 dan rokudan - white-red
7 dan, Shichidan - white-red
8 dan, hachidan - white-red
9 dan, kyudan - red
10 dan judan - red
1. NAGE-WAZA - the technique of casting, is used when the opponent loses balance, or is precipitated from it. The projection is performed mostly by the pledge of the road (on which the opponent seeks to achieve balance), leg, hips, feet, etc., so that a further deflection of the hands to lead him to fall on his back. In this group there are also counter-attacks and combinations of two or more single rolls - so-called. combinations. Transition to the second large group of elements of technology - to bring the fight on the ground (hikomi-no-kata) - is a specific, separate section technique.
2. KATAME-WAZA - literally: a technique incapacitate - divided into three subgroups: holding (Osae-Komi Waza), levers (Kansetsu Waza) and choking (Shime Waza). Hold - rely on keeping the opponent on his back on the mat, so that you can completely control his movements. For the maintenance of the enemy in this way for 25 seconds receives a point (ippon) and wins the fight. Levers - in combat sports, the use of leverage (ie wyłamywania in and out), only the elbow joint. Leading to the situation, which in self-defense would allow disposal opponent, gives victory in the fight sport. Stewing - ie, the pressure flange edge of the forearm or judogi the larynx or the carotid artery.
3. ATEMI-WAZA - techniques of punching and kicking. Rarely taught as a European judo union does not consider this group. Taught only in traditional judo, judo sport focuses only on NAGE-WAZA and KATAME-WAZA.
In each of these groups, like the shootout, there is also the defense and counter-attacks and combinations of different elements. All these elements have been structured for training purposes on two general assumptions: - their practical significance, ie the effectiveness and frequency of competitions, - the possibility of the proper, technical mastery by practicing.
Throws are divided due to the fact that part of the body is responsible for the projection:
* Plans Manual - Te Waza example Morot Seoinage
* Projection hip - Koshi Waza example: Hirai-goshi
* Techniques of Foot - Ashi Waza example: O-Soto-Gari
* Projection devote ourselves to where we're going down with a consequent uke - Yoku Sutemi Waza example: Yoko-otoshi
* Projection devote ourselves where we're going down the back - has Sutemi Waza example: Tomoe-Nage
In judo levers assumes only the elbow joint.
Choking in judo are very effective and can lead to loss of consciousness during the fight. Techniques of this kind of interrupt the flow of air into the lungs or blood supply to the brain through the carotid artery pressure. Strangulation can be done with your hands or collar opponent. Allowed to simmer down but also with some limitations because the legs are many times stronger than the hands.
Stewing and levers can be set up in the same standing as in the ground floor, although much safer to use them on the ground.
Techniques belonging to the canon of teaching judo judo but forbidden in sports is: kite-bass, daki-age, Kawazu-gake to-Jima and ashi-pots.